Q. The first one is, if you could just describe for us, by and large, the open source biology movement.
Well, first I don't choose to call it that.
Biology is a field of study whereas open source is a mode of innovation. And they're very different. So we describe it as biological open source or biological innovation through open source. If we must use the expression open source - which I must admit I also have my own concerns about - I think biological open source or biological innovation through open source, ('BIOS)' is preferred. The part that makes it important and impactful is a focus on innovation (the production of new outcomes) in fields that are impacted by life sciences. ‘Biological innovation’ would mean economic and social impacts in health, medicine, environmental services, agriculture, food; it's much more important to call it biological innovation than call it biology. Where biology is the study of living systems, open source is not about studying per se,, it's about doing.