How to be Good? is the pre-eminent question for ethics, although one that philosophers and ethicists seldom address head on.
Knowing how to be good, or perhaps more modestly and more accurately, knowing how to go about trying to be good, is of immense theoretical and practical importance. This “know how” is the business of a science of the good. It is also perhaps the most important issue facing contemporary neuroscience, social policy and criminal justice. The links between this highly theoretical question and the preoccupations of contemporary neuroscience and the interests of the criminal law and indeed of those preoccupied with social policy, education and the common good will be explored in this presentation. They are examined however through a lens which focuses on debates about how to effect moral enhancement or moral improvement in human beings.