To measure the degree of reproductive freedom granted by law, we identified three areas of measurement:
Key ARTs that have been developed to treat infertility. We selected six ARTs: prenatal diagnosis; oocyte and embryo cryopreservation; sperm and oocyte donation; and IVF surrogacy;
Key legal requirement that may prevent certain infertile women from accessing the ARTs selected for measurement. We identified three key requirements that may limit reproductive freedom. These are: the requirement to be married or, in absence, to be in a stable relationship with a significant other, and the requirement for couples to be in a heterosexual relationship;
Key legal restrictions of freedom of the treating physician to perform the chosen ARTs freely. We identified one restriction: the legal requirement that, in the event the patient elects IVF, the physician transfers a number of pre-embryos determined by law.