Right to Science Indicators

Right to Science Indicators

The human right to science is recognized in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 15(b) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. These provisions create States’ obligations to adopt measures to ensure the right to access scientific knowledge, facilitate participation in science, guarantee scientific freedom, promote conservation, development and diffusion, and promote international cooperation.


As other human rights, the realization of the right to science is progressive and, to date, not fully realized. With these indicators, we aim at measuring the degree to which the right is been realized. The Right to Science Index is in completion and only some indicators appear in the current form of the Index. So far, we have assembled the following indicators: government expenditure on R&D and education, internet usage, male/female ration in tertiary education and beyond, and publication output.

Data sources

Data were collected from the following sources:

National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators | UN-UNESCO Institute for Statistics | International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report and database | World Bank: Women, Business and the Law | National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators