Science has always had to struggle in all societies, with no distinction in space and time. The human beings’ natural tendency to irrationality and the poor scientific knowledge within wide sectors of the society have been predominant factors. Science still needs to be protected, perhaps even more than in the past. An improved scientific education will be crucial, as well as more financial support for scientific research, and especially basic research. Scientists should be given the opportunity to work efficiently and independently, and that is also of primary importance. At the same time, a change within the scientific and academic world is urgently required. Some policies governing the conduct of scientific research and the divulgation of its results need to go through a revolution. The scientific community will have to be brave enough to radically change some parts of this system. To do so, a better integration between science, politics and society must be implemented.