The Japan News/Yomiuri
TOKYO – The Japanese government plans to revise its basic policy on conducting research on human embryos, in an effort to implement state-led regulations on such research, The Yomiuri Shimbun has learned.
Aiming to meet the challenges posed by new technologies such as genome editing – a technology that efficiently alters genes – the government is considering limiting human embryo modification through genome editing to basic research, and prohibiting both the implantation of embryos with altered genes in a uterus and the live births of such embryos.
Concrete discussions will start in a new organization expected to be established under the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation chaired by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. The government will make a decision on the establishment as early as May.
Compiled in 2004, the current basic policy on research using human embryos states that any handling of embryos that causes damage to them is not permitted. However, there is no specific provision for genome editing – an area in which research has intensified since the policy’s release – nor for nuclear transfer, a treatment that implants the genetic material from an egg or embryo into another healthy egg or embryo.
While expected to be useful for treating genetic diseases and infertility, genome editing is giving rise to concern that it may lead to births of “designer babies,” supposedly ideal offspring created just as their parents wish. Basic research on genome editing in Britain and China, which have already set relevant rules, is ahead of such research in Japan.
Nuclear transfer is also raising ethical issues as a baby inherits genetic information from the woman who provides the egg in addition to that of his or her own parents. This treatment was legalized in Britain in 2015 and was first carried out in Mexico by a U.S.-based clinic. The Japanese government, however, only plans to give cautious consideration to the treatment.Tags: Embryo Research, Japan